Social theorists in general and cultural anthropologists in particular seem to agree that globalization is one of the most potent forces (or phenomena) in recent human history. Although globalization defies easy categorization, at a minimum it entails an increasingly connected world. These connections — often characterized in terms of “flows” across differently imagined landscapes — involve technology, trade, travel, information, and communication. Insularity is becoming increasingly rare. It thus should surprise no one that religion, which partakes of all these flows, has been affected by globalization and affects globalization. Older organized religions have taken advantage of new technologies to spread their message, and new religious movements are able to gain traction (and adherents) in ways that were not possible in a pre-globalized world. This Category will examine these connections and permutations.