Why “Pagans and Polytheism”?

As the new and organized forms of religion associated with the Neolithic Revolution matured and proliferated, various forms of polytheism spread throughout Mesopotamia, the Levant, the Mediterranean, and Europe.  A diverse pantheon of gods and goddesses spawned a remarkable array of religious cults and practices that today are called “pagan,” the best known forms of which existed first in Greece and then in Rome.  It is sometimes easy to forget that Greek and Roman “mythology” is not mere literature or storytelling — these “myths” were integral parts of religious practice and devotion.  The same is true of Norse “mythology.”  This Category will examine the rise and spread of pagan religions, and their relationship to underlying social and political structures.

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