Cannabidiol in India in the time of Pandemic

There has been a lot of discussion about cannabidiol oil, also called as CBD oil, recently, especially if it is illegal in India and if so, why it is widely distributed on the world wide web. 

After reports surfaced that without his knowledge and consent, actress Rhea Chakraborty administered drugs, particularly cannabidiol (CBD) oil, to her late boyfriend and actor Sushant Singh Rajput, people have wondered if CBD oil is legal in India and if not, then how is it being purchased exclusively.

India has prohibited the commercial usage of cannabis and its derivatives under the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (SCND), an international agreement of which it is a signatory, and under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act.

It should be stated that both devices describe ‘cannabis’ as the cannabis plant’s flowering or fruiting tops, also recognized as cannabis sativa or marijuana; the plant’s leaves and seeds have been removed from their scope, taking into account the medical uses of the plant and the religious and social practices of India.

Since the leaves of cannabis plants are easily obtainable, the possibility for their use in medicine is immense. CBD or Cannabidiol are one of the main chemicals (or cannabinoids) found in cannabis, such as in its leaves. CBD has therapeutic qualities, but not narcotic effects. In fact, almost all of the CBD oils produced in India (including online) are manufactured from full-spectrum extracts from the leaves of the cannabis plant, meaning they comprise all the cannabinoids found in the leaves, such as CBD. Since cannabis plant leaves are not classified a narcotic drug, CBD Oil, which is produced from leaf extract, should not be regarded as a narcotic drug either.

Different research indicate that a variety of disorders such as arthritis, cancer, epilepsy, chronic headaches, anxiety, depression, opioid abuse and other brain disorders can be treated and controlled with CBD oil. In the human body, CBD oil generates a compound called endocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids help alleviate pain, decrease stress and regulate immune responses. There is a significant amount of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) in drugs used during therapeutic use, a substance that makes a person ‘high.’ CBD compounds contain less than 0.3% THC; thus, when a person eats them, a person will not get ‘high’.

In comparison to recreational drugs that make collaborative to particular receptors located on body cells to produce their effects, CBD only activates our body cells to generate health responses. According to a World Health Organization survey, there are currently no case reports of dependency or violence related to the use of pure CBD. 

CBD Oil developed under a license issued under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 in India can be legally used for therapeutic purposes by individual people. CBD oil can easily be confused with cannabis or hash oil, but the two vary widely, both in terms of pharmacology and treatment under the law: cannabis or hash oil is 100% narcotic, unlike CBD oil, and is subject to legal supervision and regulation in India under the NDPS Act provisions. Its intake may also be subject to NDPS Act provisions and may lead in detention. For more details, check this page:


Kyong Baldwin is a news writer covering politics, education, culture, science and technology. She is also the author of Friday Casting.

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