Lawn Watering Information Now that you understand everything you need to know about fertilizers and feeding your lawn, it is time to learn about watering it. Your lawn will tell you when it lacks water by showing signs of stress.
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These signs include the grass turning a silvery blue in some areas.
If this grass is not watered soon, it will turn brown before you know it. Another sign of lack of water is footprints in the lawn. A healthy lawn should spring back when stepped upon. You can water your lawn at any time of the day if it is severely stressed, however, if you are merely maintaining your lawn, you should avoid late evening or middle day watering. Late evening watering can encourage the growth of fungus, while heat of the day watering can waste water. The best time of day for lawn watering is in the early morning, before the sun can scorch your landscape, giving it plenty of time to dry out before evening.
The best type of watering system is natural rainwater. However, there are many times during the growing season when rainwater is not available and other sources must be relied upon. At these times, you may rely on sprinklers to give your lawn adequate water for survival. Tools For Watering Grass There are several different type sprinklers available for watering grass in todayís market. Hereís a description of some of the available choices.
Hand-held nozzle sprayer:
Great for ease of use. It screws onto the end of a hose and is hand operated, allowing the user to regulate the flow of water used. This type of watering system has a drawback though. The time it takes to water a lawn is probably unreasonable. Also, the hand-held sprayer doesnít allow for even water flow, making some areas of your lawn more watered than others. This can eventually cause unevenness in the lawn.
This type of watering system is nice because it disburses the water at an even rate for deep down soaking. The problem is that this perforated garden hose is not durable and will eventually rot. Also the irrigation pattern may not be even. This type of watering system is probably better suited for flowerbeds instead of lawns.
This is a simple hose-end head with holes to spray upward. Itís very effective on small areas. Also, itís inexpensive and easy to set up.
This sprinkler hooks up to the end of the hose, and disperses water as the sprinkler bar moves back and forth. This type of sprinkler is great on square lawns, but must be moved often if you have a larger or irregular shaped lawn. Also, this type of sprinkler has a high evaporation rate.
This is a hose end device that breaks the water stream to shoot a broad spray. Itís nice because it will water at a much higher rate than other type sprinklers. However, it needs high pressure to function properly and will probably be too strong of a spray for smaller lawns.
This type sprinkler waters the lawn in a circle. It attaches to the end of a hose, and the sprinkler spins. This is great for round or irregularly shaped lawns. A drawback to this sprayer is that all the corners may not be reached, and like the fountain oscillating sprinkler, much of the water will evaporate before it even reaches the roots of the lawn. Automatic Watering System Pop-up Spray Head: Now this is for heavy duty watering of larger lawns. The sprinkler is installed underground and pops up and down to water the lawn. Itís nice because it has low trajectory and high pressure, so thereís not much evaporation with this sprinkler. However, it is very expensive to install and the soil may not be able to absorb the water fast enough.
Fixed-riser Spray Head:
This also is a heavy-duty water system. Theyíre less expensive than pop up systems, however, they can be seen and are hard to mow around.
Lawns require about one inch of water per week from rain or sprinkling. You can easily determine the amount of rainfall each week through the national weather service or local weather broadcasts. If your level is less than one inch, you need to supplement with a sprinkler system.
If using a sprinkler, you may wonder how you can tell when your lawn has received one inch of water? Well it actually depends on the type sprinkler youíre using and the water pressure at your home. A good way to measure output of your sprinkler is to use three empty cans, or rain gages, and place them at different distances from the sprinkler. Use the sprinkler for about one hour, then empty all the water into one can. Measure the amount of water in the can and divide it by three. This will give you the amount of water your sprinkler has supplied in one hour. Now you will be able to tell how long you should water your lawn to receive a uniform one-inch of water.
If youíre watering in new seeding, proper watering is imperative. Many seedlings are lost to improper watering.
The seeds must remain moist in order to germinate. Once the seed begins to sprout, the top inch of soil should never be allowed to dry out until the grass is well established. This means you may need to water several times during the day to protect new grass from the sun and wind, which both dries out the soil.
The key is to water the seedling frequently, not deeply. It should be constantly moist, but not soaked. A sprinkler with a fine spray is ideal in such situations.
Many of us live in communities that have water restrictions during certain times of the year. If this is the case in your area, remember, some water is better than no water at all. Water your lawn whenever you are allowed to do so.